How To Factory Restart Macbook Air

If you’ve been experiencing issues with your MacBook Air or simply want to start fresh, a factory reset might be the solution. In this article, we’ll guide you through the steps on how to factory restart MacBook Air.

What is a Factory Restart?

A factory restart, also known as a factory reset or hard reset, erases all the data and settings on your MacBook Air, returning it to its original state when it came out of the box. It’s a way to wipe the slate clean and start anew.

Why Would You Want to Factory Restart MacBook Air?

There are several reasons why you might want to factory restart your MacBook Air. One of the most common reasons is if you’re experiencing issues with your computer, such as glitches, slow performance, or freezing. Another reason could be if you’re planning to sell or give away your MacBook Air and want to ensure that none of your personal data is left behind.

Before You Factory Restart MacBook Air

Before you proceed with a factory restart, it’s crucial to back up all your important data. You can either use Time Machine to create a full backup or manually transfer your files to an external hard drive or cloud storage. Once your data is backed up, you’re ready to proceed with the factory restart.

How to Factory Restart MacBook Air

Here are the steps on how to factory restart MacBook Air:

Step 1: Shut Down Your MacBook Air

To start the factory reset process, you need to shut down your MacBook Air completely. Press and hold the power button until the screen turns off, or go to the Apple menu and choose “Shut Down.”

Step 2: Restart Your MacBook Air in Recovery Mode

Once your MacBook Air is turned off, press the power button to turn it back on. As soon as you hear the startup chime, press and hold the Command and R keys simultaneously until the Apple logo appears. This will boot your MacBook Air into Recovery Mode.

Step 3: Erase Your Hard Drive

In Recovery Mode, you’ll see the “macOS Utilities” window. Select “Disk Utility” and click “Continue.” From there, select your startup disk and click “Erase.” Follow the prompts to erase your hard drive completely.

Step 4: Reinstall macOS

After your hard drive is erased, close Disk Utility and select “Reinstall macOS” from the macOS Utilities window. Follow the prompts to reinstall the operating system on your MacBook Air. This process can take some time, so be patient and let it run its course.

Step 5: Set Up Your MacBook Air

Once the reinstallation is complete, your MacBook Air will restart and prompt you to set up your computer like you did when you first got it. Follow the prompts to create a new user account, connect to Wi-Fi, and set up your preferences.


Q: Will a factory reset delete all my data?

A: Yes, a factory reset will erase all the data and settings on your MacBook Air. Make sure to back up your important files before proceeding.

Q: Can I undo a factory reset?

A: No, a factory reset is irreversible. Once you’ve erased your hard drive and reinstalled macOS, you can’t go back to your previous settings and data.

Q: How long does a factory reset take?

A: The time it takes to complete a factory reset depends on several factors, such as the speed of your MacBook Air and the size of your hard drive. It can take anywhere from 30 minutes to a few hours.


A factory reset is a helpful tool if you’re experiencing issues with your MacBook Air or want to start fresh. By following the steps outlined in this article, you can easily factory restart your MacBook Air and get it back to its original state. Don’t forget to back up your files before proceeding and be patient as the process can take some time.